Why Rex Tillerson Could be America's Most Dangerous Secretary of State.
January 9th, 2017
Rex Tillerson could be America’s most dangerous Secretary of State
former Exxon Mobil CEO spent his entire adult life working for a
company that has left a trail of carnage—from human rights abuses to the
destruction of the environment—in its ruthless pursuit of oil.
January 9, 2017 | February Issue
“My philosophy is to make money.”—Rex Tillerson
On January 1, Rex Tillerson retired from oil giant Exxon Mobil
after 41 years, the last 10 as CEO and chairman of the board. When he
appears in January before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee to
be considered for U.S. Secretary of State, Exxon Mobil will be
preparing to appear before a jury at the U.S. District Court for the
District of Columbia, just blocks away. There, the company will face
allegations that security forces under its employ engaged in serious
human rights abuses, including murder, torture, sexual violence,
kidnapping, battery, assault, burning, arbitrary arrest, detention and
false imprisonment. The complaint specifically names Rex Tillerson.
Among the plaintiffs, all of whom use aliases out of fear for their
lives, is “John Doe II.” According to the complaint, in August 2000,
soldiers working for Exxon Mobil beat and tortured him “using
electricity all over his body, includ[ing] his genitals.” After
approximately three months, the “soldiers took off his blindfold, took
him outside the building where he had been detained and showed him a pit
where there was a large pile of human heads. The soldiers threatened to
kill him and add his head to the pile.” He was ultimately released,
only to have the soldiers return later to burn down his house.
John Doe I, et al., v. Exxon Mobil Corporation, et al. is
awaiting a trial date expected “any day now,” according to lead
plaintiff attorney Terrence Collingsworth. The complaint alleges that
from 2000 through 2004, private military security forces employed by
Exxon Mobil to protect its natural gas operations in Aceh province,
Indonesia, committed the cited offenses against local villagers. From
1976 to 2005, Aceh was embroiled in a violent independence struggle. In
the midst of the conflict, Exxon Mobil essentially privatized Indonesian
soldiers, the complaint argues, despite their well-documented history
of abusing Indonesian citizens, and aided and abetted the human rights
violations through financial and other direct material support.
Exxon Mobil has fought the case for 15 years, denying not the human
rights abuses, but rather that the company should be liable. A federal
judge ruled, however, not only that the company must stand trial, but
also that “sufficient evidence demonstrates” that Exxon Mobil corporate
officers “exerted significant control” over the security decisions made
by its Indonesian subsidiary.
A 2006 amendment and a 2007 complaint adding new plaintiffs allege
that top Exxon Mobil officials “have been continuously involved” in the
Indonesian operations and that “Exxon Mobil Corp. officials who have met
with Indonesian officials include … Rex W. Tillerson, president of
Exxon Mobil Corp.”
It is just one of countless lawsuits, investigations and allegations
confronting the company and its former CEO involving human rights
abuses; unsafe working conditions; investor and public fraud;
destruction of the environment, climate and public health; support of
dictators; contributions to global instability and inequality; and being
party to wars and conflict—in addition to decades of verdicts against
the company—all of which will follow Tillerson into and haunt the next
administration, should Congress permit him to join it.
Rex Tillerson, CEO of Exxon Mobil, speaks at the
annual shareholders meeting in Dallas. (Mike Fuentes/Bloomberg via
Workers clean up after the Exxon Valdez oil spill,
which released 11 to 38 million gallons of crude into Prince William
Sound in 1989. (Photo: Vick Vanessa)
Rex Tillerson has carefully constructed a public veneer for Exxon
Mobil as a law-abiding, spit and polish, model corporate citizen. The
storyline goes that because it is so big and has so much money, Exxon
Mobil can afford to do everything just right. That may be true in some
cases, but more often, Exxon Mobil wields its vast influence and wealth
in a manner more closely in line with the philosophy of its infamous
founder, John D. Rockefeller, who once said, “The way to make money is
to buy when blood is running in the streets.”
Rockefeller founded Standard Oil Company in 1870 and quickly built
one of the world’s most ruthless corporate monopolies. In describing the
company’s tactics and practices over the next 30 years, the Interstate
Commerce Commission’s late-19th-century reports did not mince words:
“unjust,” “intentional disregard of rights,” “illegal,” “excessive,”
“extraordinary,” “forbidden,” “wholly indefensible,” “obnoxious,”
“absurd and inexcusable,” and “so obvious and palpable a discrimination
that no discussion of it is necessary.”
The nation and the courts were equally repulsed. The Populist
movement railed against the erosion of democracy and subsequent
inequality resulting from Standard Oil’s power over the federal and
multiple state governments, and in a key 1911 victory, a Supreme Court
ruling broke up Standard Oil into 34 separate corporate parts. The
largest pieces were Standard Oil of New Jersey—later Exxon—and Standard
Oil of New York—later Mobil. In 1999, the two were allowed to re-merge,
forming today’s Exxon Mobil. It is the world’s largest publicly traded
oil and gas company, and the sixth-largest company on the planet. Were
Exxon a country, its $246 billion in revenue in 2015 would make it the
42nd-largest by GDP.
Like generations of senior management before him, Rex Tillerson has
spent his entire career at Exxon Mobil. Recruited fresh out of the
University of Texas at Austin in 1975, Tillerson, who is known to
colleagues as “T-Rex,” rose through the ranks, becoming senior vice
president of Exxon Mobil in 2001, president and board member in 2004,
and CEO and board chairman in 2006. His 2015 salary was $27.3 million,
or about 500 times the median U.S. household income. If confirmed, he
will join what is set to be the wealthiest cabinet in U.S. history.
Exxon Mobil is a uniquely insular company, often referred to as a “cult.” In Steve Coll’s Private Empire: Exxon Mobil and American Power,
executives of other oil companies describe Exxon Mobil as “ruthless,
self-isolating and inscrutable … priggish Presbyterian deacons” who
maintain “kind of a 1950s Southern religious culture. They’re all
engineers, mostly white males, mostly from the South. … They shared a
belief in the One Right Answer.”
“All of the top executives are imbued with the Exxon culture and
regard themselves as carriers of the culture,” Neva Goodwin,
great-granddaughter of John D. Rockefeller, told me in 2013. Tillerson,
she said, is civil, “but [he] never responds in such a way that suggests
that he could be at all influenced to change his positions.”
As George W. Bush once famously said of Exxon Mobil: “Nobody tells those guys what to do.”
Other than a stint as president of the Boy Scouts of America from
2010 to 2012, Tillerson does not publicly step outside his role as Exxon
Mobil executive. It is as its voice that he gives speeches, offers
policy analyses and grants interviews. To understand Rex Tillerson as a
man or intuit how he will behave as secretary of state, therefore, we
must observe Exxon Mobil’s actions under his leadership and his stated
objectives for its future.
Until required to change policy in 2014 to continue receiving federal
government contracts, Exxon Mobil failed to meet a single Human Rights
Campaign criterion for an LGBTQ-inclusive workplace. When I investigated
Exxon Mobil’s LGBTQ polices for The Advocate in 2013,
a gay former employee told me, “I feel that [Exxon is like that] racist
old aunt, that racist grandfather figure, that person completely out of
touch with the times.”
The word I hear most often to describe Exxon Mobil under Tillerson is “bully.”
It is a viewpoint shared by Exxon Mobil’s closest neighbors in its
home state of Texas. “They are a major polluter that is breaking the law
and threatening the health of millions of Texans and I think they are
grossly irresponsible to their neighbors,” says Luke Metzger, director
of Austin-based nonprofit Environment Texas. The group is suing Exxon Mobil
for breaking clean air laws at its Baytown oil refinery and chemical
plant more than 4,000 times between 2005 and 2010, pollution which
Metzger alleges continues to this day in this largely Hispanic community
In 2013, two workers died and 10 were injured with severe burns at Exxon Mobil’s Beaumont, Texas, refinery. The Department of Labor cited
the company for numerous safety violations that resulted in the deadly
flash fire. “People do get hurt, and it’s because of the way that Exxon
handles its business inside,” said Ricky Brooks, president of the United
Steelworkers local representing workers at Exxon Mobil’s facility in
nearby Baytown, when I spoke with him a few months after the fire.
The company is vehemently anti-union, says Brooks, and workers,
whether unionized or not, are made to fear for their jobs if they speak
out. Size and influence, he argues, allow Exxon Mobil to get away with
what others cannot. “Exxon only changes when forced to,” he says, “and
few people, or governments for that matter, are in a position to force
Within months of my conversation with Brooks in 2013, farmers in Basra, Iraq protested Exxon Mobil,
demanding compensation for lost jobs and what they allege is stolen
farmland; families in Mayflower, Ark., were forced from their homes when
210,000 gallons of heavy Canadian tar sands oil spilled from a ruptured Exxon Mobil pipeline; and locals in Eket, Nigeria protested Exxon Mobil in response to a November 2012 oil spill that they said wreaked havoc on coastal land and livelihoods.
Why he wants the job
Exxon Mobil operates in some 200 countries and has current direct
joint ventures with companies from China and Russia to Saudi Arabia.
According to Citizens for Tax Justice,
it also keeps a lot of its profits outside the United States, with a
whopping $51 billion offshored in both 2014 and 2015, and another $47
billion in 2013. On Forbes’ World’s Most Powerful People 2016, Tillerson clocks in at #24, while President Obama is #48. Secretary of State John Kerry did not make the list.
So why does Rex Tillerson want a job that could easily be seen as a
step down in power and influence? A partial answer is that Tillerson
turns 65 in March and faced a forced retirement. He also has unfinished
business, particularly in Russia, which he likely does not trust the
Trump administration to handle. His personal interests and those of
Exxon Mobil—often referred to as “Mother Exxon” by employees—have been
seemingly one and the same for his entire adult life.
Rex Tillerson is leaving Exxon Mobil in far worse condition than when
he took over. This is problematic by several measures, including his
own personal legacy and fortune.
In 2003, Exxon Mobil had the most profitable year of any corporation
ever. It then beat its own record every year for the next five years.
Its $45.2 billion in 2008 remained the highest annual corporate profits
ever recorded until surpassed in 2015 by Apple.
Then oil prices crashed in 2009, and have yet to recover. Exxon
Mobil’s profits in 2015—though still a staggering $16 billion—were 65
percent less than 2008’s high, and less than half of what they were in
Tillerson owns some 600,000 shares of Exxon Mobil stock and was
promised approximately 1.8 million more upon his retirement. In response
to potentially insurmountable conflicts of interests as secretary of
state, however, his golden parachute was altered one week prior to his
scheduled confirmation hearing. Tillerson will sell his current stocks
worth about $54 million (though valued at almost $25 less per share
today than 2014) and convert the rest to $180 million in cash that
cannot be invested in Exxon Mobil for 10 years.
Exxon Mobil is cash-poor and debt-ridden, such that, for the first
time since the Great Depression, Standard & Poor’s stripped it of a
AAA credit rating in April 2016, citing the “reserve-replacement ratio”
as the company’s greatest challenge—that is, finding enough new oil
reserves to replace that which it pumps from the ground.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is investigating
whether Exxon Mobil has been inflating the size of its oil reserves by
counting reserves as “booked”—meaning planned and accessible for
producing—when they should not be. In response, the company was forced
to report in late October that it would likely need to “de-book” some
3.6 billion barrels of tar sands oil in Canada and about 1 billion
oil-equivalent barrels in other North American fracking operations. This
means that with the stroke of a pen, Exxon Mobil may soon lose nearly
20 percent of its booked reserves—the measure that most determines the
value of oil company stock.
To increase its value, therefore, Exxon Mobil needs more oil.
Fortunately for the company, it has the potential for a good deal more
in Russia’s Arctic.
In 2001, George W. Bush famously looked into Vladimir Putin’s eyes,
saw his soul and dubbed him “Pootie Poot.” The Bush administration was
not shy about its oil agenda and how far it would go to achieve it.
Russian reserves were a key target, and Putin a leading ally.
At the time, Tillerson had already been hard at work building
relationships in Russia as president of Exxon Neftegas Limited
(1998-1999), the subsidiary responsible for Exxon Mobil’s Russian and
Caspian Sea holdings. Between 2011 and 2013, after more than a decade of
work, Tillerson signed cooperation agreements for 10 joint ventures
with Russia’s state-controlled oil company Rosneft, including those in
the Russian Arctic. The Financial Times reported in 2014, “Russia was going to be Exxon’s next mega-area. And the list of mega-areas in the world is very short.”
As a result, Exxon Mobil’s 63.7 million-acre Russian holdings are nearly five times larger than its second-largest holdings—its 14 million acres in the United States.
The Obama administration, however, did not see Russia in the same
warm light. In 2014, the president imposed sanctions against Russia
after it sent troops into Crimea. The sanctions permit some of Exxon
Mobil’s projects, but none of its Arctic or other offshore exploration,
not only halting these operations but also making it impossible for the
company to book the potentially enormous reserves.
Oil from Russian drilling operations gushes from
damaged pipelines in Usinsk in the Russian Arctic in May 2012.
Greenpeace Russia reports that every 18 months, over 4 million barrels
of oil spew into the Arctic Ocean from Russian operations. (Photo:
Exxon Mobil’s Russian Arctic holdings became even more valuable when,
in late December, Obama joined Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
in banning oil and gas activities
in virtually the entire U.S.—and all of Canada’s—Arctic waters. Unlike
the Russian sanctions, which were implemented with a presidential
executive order that can be overturned by another such order, the
drilling ban is more akin to the designation of a National Monument and
would require an act of Congress to overrule.
According to Bloomberg,
Tillerson made multiple personal visits to the White House since 2014
to discuss, among other things, Russian sanctions. Unable to budge
Obama, Tillerson may now just get the job done himself, directing
negotiations as secretary of state and advocating for Donald Trump to
revoke the sanctions.
Trump has Russian sympathies of his own, and the Russian government
made well-apparent its preference for his candidacy over that of Hillary
Clinton. Trump is also building one of the most fossil-fueled
administrations in U.S. history. Nonetheless, I doubt Tillerson trusts
Trump, and he certainly did not support Trump.
The oil industry, including Rex Tillerson, gave its overwhelming financial support to Jeb Bush for president in 2016. Tillerson gave the maximum
individual contribution of $2,700 to Bush and $5,000 to Bush’s Super
PAC. He gave another $33,400 to the Republican National Committee. He
never gave a dime to Trump.
Once it was clear that Bush was no longer a contender, the oil
industry, including Exxon Mobil’s employees, shifted support to Clinton.
Meanwhile, the Exxon Mobil PAC focused on taking the House and Senate
for the Republicans, greatly increasing the money spent on these races.
Exxon Mobil ultimately spent nearly nine times more on congressional
races (close to $1.5 million) than on the presidency (less than
$170,000), just barely edging out Koch Industries to become the oil industry’s biggest spender in the 2016 election, according to data provided by the Center for Responsive Politics.
Why would the oil industry, a GOP mainstay, put its money behind
Clinton? Perhaps the companies wanted to back the odds-on favorite;
perhaps an industry that works on 25- to 50-year timelines decided that
it could weather another four to eight years of a known quantity (even
an unfriendly one) like Clinton better than an unknown one like Trump,
who could cause irreparable damage. Controlling Congress was the
security measure against either presidential victor.
But once Trump became president-elect, a full-court
Republican-establishment press composed of George W. Bush, Dick Cheney,
James Baker, Condoleezza Rice and Robert Gates reportedly offered “glowing endorsements”
of Tillerson either to Trump or to Tennessee Republican Bob Corker,
chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. As I detail in The Bush Agenda,
the ties that bind these men and women to Exxon Mobil run deep. In
2000, for example, the oil industry, including Exxon Mobil, spent more
money than on any previous election to get fellow oilmen Bush and Cheney
into office, while Baker’s law firm has represented Exxon Mobil for
decades, and Gates and Rice have a consulting firm that has Exxon Mobil
as a client.
Simply put, Exxon Mobil needs the U.S. government to play ball, or at least behave.
Tillerson serving as some sort of Trump overseer for the Bush-era
Republican oil establishment, however, should raise many red flags,
particularly with the possibility of fellow Bush administration alum
John Bolton—who reiterated in November a call for regime change in
Iran—as his undersecretary. We have already experienced, and continue to
suffer the consequences of, the devastation wrought by this group in
pursuit of its crude objectives.
Russian President Vladimir Putin presents Rex
Tillerson with a medal at the St. Petersburg International Economic
Forum on June 21, 2012. (Photo: Michael Klimentyev/AFP/Getty Images)
By any means necessary
Exxon Mobil has never been shy about working with dictators, be they
Hajji Muhammad Suharto of Indonesia, Idriss Déby of Chad, Nursultan
Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial
Guinea, Sani Abacha of Nigeria, José Eduardo dos Santos of Angola or
Saddam Hussein of Iraq (to name but a few).
But sometimes alliances go sour. Change is often necessary.
Members of the Bush administration, many of whom had worked together
for decades, made fully transparent their ambitions for American
“empire” (their word) long before taking office in 2000, including the
plan to invade Iraq (with Iran next in their sights).
Prior to the March 2003 invasion, Iraq’s domestic oil industry was
fully nationalized and closed to Western oil companies. Within six
years, it was largely privatized and utterly dominated by foreign firms,
including Exxon Mobil. “Of course it’s about oil; we can’t really deny
that,” said Gen. John Abizaid, former head of U.S. Central Command and
Military Operations in Iraq, in 2007.
Exxon Mobil joined with other Western oil giants to have a direct
hand in this long-desired outcome. The company participated in the
Cheney Energy Task Force, which first met just 10 days into the new
administration. Its work included reviewing “operational policies” toward Iraq and “actions regarding the capture of new and existing oil and gas fields.” In its final report
in May 2001, the task force argued that Middle Eastern countries should
be urged “to open up areas of their energy sectors to foreign
investment.” This is precisely what was achieved in Iraq.
Exxon Mobil met with Cheney’s staff in January 2003, two months
before the invasion, to discuss plans for Iraq’s postwar industry, while
then-CEO Lee Raymond had many private meetings with longtime friend
Dick Cheney. For the next decade, former and current executives of
Western oil companies, including Exxon Mobil, acted first as
administrators of Iraq’s oil ministry and then as “advisers” to the
Gary Vogler, an executive and 21-year company veteran, left Exxon
Mobil in 2002 to help plan and lead the U.S. government’s oil agenda in
Iraq. Vogler later told MSNBC
that in an October 2002 meeting in Houston, he and other members of the
Energy Infrastructure Planning Group for Iraq were told by Army Corps
Lt. Col. Paul Shelton, “Look, the military can get you a lot of
information, but you’ve got to keep in mind the cost of that information
… may be the lives of 19-year-old Marines and soldiers.”
In April 2003, Vogler joined former Shell Oil CEO Philip Carroll on
the ground in Iraq. “The ministry once again has a strong man at its
helm,” reported Germany’s Der Spiegel
magazine upon Vogler’s arrival at the Iraqi Oil Ministry. By that
summer, Exxon Mobil had joined with several other Western oil companies
to articulate their own goals for post-war Iraq through the
International Tax and Investment Center’s (ITIC) Iraq project. The
ITIC’s report, “Petroleum in Iraq’s Future,” released in the fall of
2004, made the case for opening Iraq’s oil industry to foreign oil
companies using Production Sharing Agreements (PSAs) that grant
companies control over production decisions, the right to book reserves
as their own and contract lengths 10 times longer than is typical.
As I detailed on CNN.com in 2013,
as the war continued, so too did the administration and industry
efforts to open Iraq’s oil sector under their preferred terms. Western
oil companies met with the Iraqi government and ultimately signed
contracts to gain not all they had hoped for, but enough. In 2009, Exxon
Mobil emerged as one of the war’s biggest winners, joining with
PetroChina to sign a PSA for the super-giant West Qurna oil field, one
of the largest oil fields in the world, and later acquiring exploration
contracts in Iraq’s Kurdistan region.
While the war did have its victors, it was of course disastrous not
only for Iraqis, but for the entire region, contributing to the
formation of the Islamic State, the Syrian War and today’s refugee
We know very little of Trump’s actual foreign policy agenda other
than an intention to put “America First” while turning toward Russia and
against Iran. But perhaps we can gain some guidance from Trump’s words
to Anderson Cooper in 2015 on taking on the Islamic State: “I’d bomb
the hell out of the oil fields .... I’d then get Exxon, I’d then get
these great oil companies to go in—they would rebuild them so fast your
head will spin.” A “ring” of U.S. troops would then surround the wells,
Trump said, protecting the oil companies.
Climate “risk” or climate change?
January will be a busy month for Rex Tillerson. On January 19, he has
been called to testify in a federal lawsuit brought by 21 young people
alleging that the oil and gas industry has sought to both prevent the
U.S. government from taking action to protect the environment from
climate change and lock in a fossil-fuel-based national energy system
with full knowledge of the extreme dangers it poses. Kelsey Cascadia Rose Juliana, et al. v. United States of America, et al. is before the U.S. District Court of Oregon and will be set for trial this year.
The suit stems from a 2016 investigation by InsideClimate News,
as do the state and federal investigations into potential fraud
perpetrated by Exxon Mobil against the public and its shareholders
regarding what the company knew about climate change and when, and what
it did with that information. A finalist for the 2016 Pulitzer Prize,
the investigation uncovered that Exxon’s own scientists confirmed in the
1970s that the burning of fossil fuels harms the climate. The company
then chose to publicly deny the reality of climate change and finance
the climate denialist movement (findings Exxon Mobil disputes).
As secretary of state, Rex Tillerson would lead U.S. negotiations
tackling climate change. Tillerson’s rhetoric has led some to conclude
that this may not be such a bad thing. The facts, however, reveal that
it would be disastrous.
On the one hand, Tillerson acknowledges the reality of climate change
and has publicly stated his support for carbon taxation and the Paris
Climate Agreement. Exxon Mobil’s lobbying disclosures under Tillerson,
however, expose a very different picture. In 2008 and 2009, the company
nearly doubled its already top-tier federal lobbying expenditures
(spending $29 million and $27.4 million, respectively), outspending
every other corporation, to successfully thwart congressional and White
House efforts to pass meaningful climate change legislation, dashing the
2009 U.N. Copenhagen Climate Change Conference in the process. Exxon
Mobil continues to fund
climate denialist organizations and those that are leading the attacks
on the Paris Agreement and Obama’s Clean Power Plan, including the
American Legislative Exchange Council, the Manhattan Institute for
Policy Research and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
As for the company’s actual operations, a 2014 study published in Climatic Change
journal found that Exxon Mobil has contributed more global greenhouse
gas emissions to the atmosphere over the last 150 years than all but one
company (Chevron). Under Tillerson, Exxon Mobil has fought
climate-related initiatives launched by shareholders and rejected any
meaningful commitment to renewable or alternative energy. As I reported
for Rolling Stone in 2013,
“Since 2002, Exxon Mobil, which took in $45 billion in profit last year
alone, put a grand total of $188 million into its alternative [energy]
investments, compared to the $250 million it dedicated to U.S.
advertising in the last two years alone.”
A close read of Tillerson and the company’s words on the topic,
moreover, reveal a very careful focus on “risks” posed by climate change
(or by those responding to it). Exxon Mobil’s annual report to the SEC
in 2016 stated, for example, “Due to concern over the risk of climate
change, a number of countries have adopted … frameworks to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions.” Tillerson’s line is one of scientific
uncertainty about what those risks may be, blind faith in the ability of
technology to address any such risks should they emerge, and a zealous
commitment to the necessity and dominance of oil and natural gas.
The language of “risk” implies that all climate effects are yet to come—such as when Tillerson said
at the company’s annual shareholder meeting in 2013 that climate change
“does present serious risk” yet “our ability to project with any degree
of certainty the future is continuing to be very limited.” But, as of
2012, nearly 1,000 children a day were already dying because of climate change, and the estimated annual death toll was 400,000 people worldwide.
In 2008, Exxon Mobil Senior Vice President J.S. Simon told Congress:
“The pursuit of alternative fuels must not detract from the development
of oil and gas.” To grasp the threat posed by Exxon Mobil and Rex
Tillerson, one could replace “alternative fuels” with just about any
phrase, word or concept expected of a just U.S. secretary of state—be it
“diplomacy,” “equality,” “peace,” “climate justice” or “human rights.”
US Exxon Mobil refinery workers in Port-Jerome,
western France, joined a strike in support of workers at the French
multinational integrated oil and gas company Total S.A. on February 23,
2010. (Photo: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images)
“This is the purest test you can imagine: Either you’re pro-science
or anti-science; either you stand with the people, or you stand with the
polluters. It’s that simple,” said Jamie Henn of 350.org. He was
speaking in advance of a protest in Cheyenne, Wyo., planned for January
9, to urge Republican Sen. John Barrasso to use his seat on the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee to reject Tillerson’s nomination. The
protest is part of a month-long series of protests which include “flooding Capitol Hill” with events targeting key senators who play a big role in cabinet picks.
Tillerson is scheduled to appear in January for hearings before the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee, where Democrats have promised a
bruising fight. They would need just one Republican to join them to
block the nomination and Marco Rubio (Fla.) may be that Republican,
having voiced concerns about Tillerson’s Russian ties. If the vote goes
to the full Senate and Democrats stand united there, just three
Republicans would be needed to block Tillerson. John McCain (Ariz.) and
Lindsey Graham (S.C.) have expressed deep reservations.
With leading international human rights organizations, including
Global Witness and Amnesty International, condemning Tillerson’s
nomination in no uncertain terms, and with Greenpeace coordinating
petitions and actions with numerous other groups to block it, the fight
is far from over. Tillerson’s nomination comes at a time of heightened
unity and strength within the movement to keep fossil fuels in the
ground, brought to national attention with the years-long battle led by
Native Americans to halt the Dakota Access Pipeline.
Terrence Collingsworth, the human-rights lawyer who has fought Exxon
Mobil for more than 15 years in defense of the people of Aceh, worries
about the damage done simply through the nomination of Rex
Tillerson—which, he believes, makes it clear which side the United
States government is now on under the presidency of Donald Trump.
“Imagine what will happen in the future,” he says. “[People around
the world] will not feel that the U.S. will back them up in trying to
hold these companies accountable.” Instead, he argues, we will have—even
more than today—“a sweetheart arrangement between foreign governments
and the U.S. government to promote the exploitation of natural resources
at all costs.”
This article has been updated to include the 2007 amended complaint in John Doe I, et al., v. Exxon Mobil Corporation, et al.
Antonia Juhasz, is an energy analyst and independent investigative journalist whose writing appears regularly in Rolling Stone, Harper’s and Newsweek.
She is the author of three books: “The Bush Agenda,” “The Tyranny of
Oil” and “Black Tide: The Devastating Impact of the Gulf Oil Spill.”
Peace activists demonstrate against a possible war
with Iraq on Dec. 4, 2002, in Washington, D.C. (Photo: Photo Stefan
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© Antonia Juhasz